Day Four~ February 4th~ Lebanon

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Sidon sea castle built by the Crusaders in 1228~ South Lebanon

Possibly the oldest and first metropolis of the Phoenicians, the ‘traders in purple’, the inventors of the first known alphabet from which all other alphabets were derived, inventors of the precious purple dye from the murex shell used for royal clothing, the founders of the kingship of city states called Canaan, Sidon is known to have been inhabited since early prehistory, since pre-pottery times. In Phoenician times and since around 2000 BC, it became the home of the priestess Ashtart, goddess of the Sidonians, and Eshmun, god of the Sidonians.

The very rich and complex Phoenician history in Lebanon is a fascinating area of research for Lebanese and international historians and archaeologists alike. So many civilizations were still to pass through and leave their marks and their scars on this little country, but the Phoenician culture is what resonates most where the Lebanese culture is concerned.

riders of the seas~ a detail of a ship carved in stone ~ Tyre, south Lebanon


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  1. I see you’ve got those butterflies as the banner at the top of the page >>> excellent choice, Mimo! Adrian

  2. Simple and yet so beautiful.

  3. Beautiful photos and interesting information as well.

  4. Stunning first image and thank you so much for teaching me more about the country, I fear I am very ignorant about that side of the world! So beautiful and so so old, this is all I know.. c

  5. I’m convinced that I was Lebanese in a former life. When people refer to Lebanese as “Arabs” I’m quick to correct, “They’re not Arabs, they’re Phoenician!” All while actually thinking in my head and feeling in my heart “we” in contrast to the “they” that I actually say out loud. ๐Ÿ™‚

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